Visualizing Republican Rome’s Splendor (Video)

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Republican Rome, emerging from the ashes of monarchy, left a tangible legacy in the landscape of ancient Italy. With the expulsion of kings in 509 BC, Rome sought to carve its own identity. Temples like the Temple of Castor and the Temple of Saturn, dating back to the 5th century BC, stand as silent witnesses to this period of transition. The Campus Martius, notably the Villa Publica, serves as a testament to early Republican structures, showcasing the evolving civic architecture.

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The conquest of neighboring cities, like Veii in 396 BC, marked Rome’s territorial expansion. The tumultuous sacking by the Gauls in 390 BC prompted Rome to fortify its defenses, resulting in the construction of the Servian Wall. Made primarily of tufa from Veii, this defensive barrier symbolized Rome’s resilience in the face of adversity.


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